Art History Research Paper Introduction And Conclusion

Writing a paper for an art history course is similar to the analytical, research-based papers that you may have written in English literature courses or history courses. Although art historical research and writing does include the analysis of written documents, there are distinctive differences between art history writing and other disciplines because the primary documents are works of art. A key reference guide for researching and analyzing works of art and for writing art history papers is the 10th edition (or later) of Sylvan Barnet鈥檚 work, A Short Guide to Writing about Art. Barnet directs students through the steps of thinking about a research topic, collecting information, and then writing and documenting a paper.

A website with helpful tips for writing art history papers is posted by the University of North Carolina,
http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/art-history/

Wesleyan University Writing Center has a useful guide for finding online writing resources,
http://www.wesleyan.edu/writing/workshop/resourcesforstudents.html

The following are basic guidelines that you must use when documenting research papers for any art history class at UALR. Solid, thoughtful research and correct documentation of the sources used in this research (i.e., footnotes/endnotes, bibliography, and illustrations**) are essential. Additionally, these Guidelines remind students about plagiarism, a serious academic offense.

Paper Format

Research papers should be in a 12-point font, double-spaced. Ample margins should be left for the instructor鈥檚 comments. All margins should be one inch to allow for comments. Number all pages. The cover sheet for the paper should include the following information: title of paper, your name, course title and number, course instructor, and date paper is submitted. A simple presentation of a paper is sufficient. Staple the pages together at the upper left or put them in a simple three-ring folder or binder. Do not put individual pages in plastic sleeves.

Documentation of Resources

The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), as described in the most recent edition of Sylvan Barnet鈥檚 A Short Guide to Writing about Art is the department standard. Although you may have used MLA style for English papers or other disciplines, the Chicago Style is required for all students taking art history courses at UALR. There are significant differences between MLA style and Chicago Style. A 鈥淨uick Guide鈥 for the Chicago Manual of Style footnote and bibliography format is found http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. The footnote examples are numbered and the bibliography example is last. Please note that the place of publication and the publisher are enclosed in parentheses in the footnote, but they are not in parentheses in the bibliography. Examples of CMS for some types of note and bibliography references are given below in this Guideline. Arabic numbers are used for footnotes. Some word processing programs may have Roman numerals as a choice, but the standard is Arabic numbers. The use of super script numbers, as given in examples below, is the standard in UALR art history papers.

A. Print

The chapter 鈥淢anuscript Form鈥 in the Barnet book (10th edition or later) provides models for the correct forms for footnotes/endnotes and the bibliography. For example, the note form for the FIRST REFERENCE to a book with a single author is:

1Bruce Cole, Italian Art 1250-1550 (New York: New York University Press, 1971), 134.

But the BIBLIOGRAPHIC FORM for that same book is:

Cole, Bruce. Italian Art 1250-1550. New York: New York University Press. 1971.

The FIRST REFERENCE to a journal article (in a periodical that is paginated by volume) with a single author in a footnote is:

2 Anne H. Van Buren, 鈥淢adame C茅zanne鈥檚 Fashions and the Dates of Her Portraits,鈥 Art Quarterly 29 (1966): 199.

The FIRST REFERENCE to a journal article (in a periodical that is paginated by volume) with a single author in the BIBLIOGRAPHY is:

Van Buren, Anne H. 鈥淢adame C茅zanne鈥檚 Fashions and the Dates of Her Portraits.鈥 Art Quarterly 29 (1966): 185-204.

If you reference an article that you found through an electronic database such as JSTOR, you do not include the url for JSTOR or the date accessed in either the footnote or the bibliography. This is because the article is one that was originally printed in a hard-copy journal; what you located through JSTOR is simply a copy of printed pages. Your citation follows the same format for an article in a bound volume that you may have pulled from the library shelves. If, however, you use an article that originally was in an electronic format and is available only on-line, then follow the 鈥渘on-print鈥 forms listed below.

B. Non-Print

Citations for Internet sources such as online journals or scholarly web sites should follow the form described in Barnet鈥檚 chapter, 鈥淲riting a Research Paper.鈥 For example, the footnote or endnote reference given by Barnet for a web site is:

3 Nigel Strudwick, Egyptology Resources, with the assistance of The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge University, 1994, revised 16 June 2008, http://www.newton.ac.uk/egypt/, 24 July 2008.

If you use microform or microfilm resources, consult the most recent edition of Kate Turabian, A Manual of Term Paper, Theses and Dissertations. A copy of Turabian is available at the reference desk in the main library.

C. Visual Documentation (Illustrations)

Art history papers require visual documentation such as photographs, photocopies, or scanned images of the art works you discuss. In the chapter 鈥淢anuscript Form鈥 in A Short Guide to Writing about Art, Barnet explains how to identify illustrations or 鈥渇igures鈥 in the text of your paper and how to caption the visual material. Each photograph, photocopy, or scanned image should appear on a single sheet of paper unless two images and their captions will fit on a single sheet of paper with one inch margins on all sides. Note also that the title of a work of art is always italicized. Within the text, the reference to the illustration is enclosed in parentheses and placed at the end of the sentence. A period for the sentence comes after the parenthetical reference to the illustration. For UALR art history papers, illustrations are placed at the end of the paper, not within the text. Illustration are not supplied as a Powerpoint presentation or as separate .jpgs submitted in an electronic format.

Edvard Munch鈥檚 painting The Scream, dated 1893, represents a highly personal, expressive response to an experience the artist had while walking one evening (Figure 1).

The caption that accompanies the illustration at the end of the paper would read:

Figure 1. Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893. Tempera and casein on cardboard, 36 x 29″ (91.3 x 73.7 cm). Nasjonalgalleriet, Oslo, Norway.

Plagiarism

Plagiarism is a form of thievery and is illegal. According to Webster鈥檚 New World Dictionary, to plagiarize is to 鈥渢ake and pass off as one鈥檚 own the ideas, writings, etc. of another.鈥 Barnet has some useful guidelines for acknowledging sources in his chapter 鈥淢anuscript Form;鈥 review them so that you will not be mguilty of theft. Another useful website regarding plagiarism is provided by Cornell University, http://plagiarism.arts.cornell.edu/tutorial/index.cfm

Plagiarism is a serious offense, and students should understand that checking papers for plagiarized content is easy to do with Internet resources. Plagiarism will be reported as academic dishonesty to the Dean of Students; see Section VI of the Student Handbook which cites plagiarism as a specific violation. Take care that you fully and accurately acknowledge the source of another author, whether you are quoting the material verbatim or paraphrasing. Borrowing the idea of another author by merely changing some or even all of your source鈥檚 words does not allow you to claim the ideas as your own. You must credit both direct quotes and your paraphrases. Again, Barnet鈥檚 chapter 鈥淢anuscript Form鈥 sets out clear guidelines for avoiding plagiarism.

If you are taking this class, you have certainly questioned yourself why you do it at least once. It often seems like the subject is not of a big value and should be learnt only if you are into art or going to compose art history curriculum vitae to become a good expert in future. Also, you have already learnt history, so why bother?

Even though history is an important discipline that shows how people lived, what they did, how the societies functioned, and what was going on during all of the previous years, it, as a school and university course, does not go further the presentation of the factual information. It is a very broad subject that covers all of the human activities, tells the stories of the nations, and shows the evolution of the humankind, the way it influenced the world, and the impact everything around had on it. Yes, it surely looks for the reasons why certain things occurred and teaches to analyze everything in global context.

However, the history courses are usually so limited in time that they have to focus on things, which are more general, and give an overview of the main, most influential, and important figures or event. Hence, it has to omit things that tell about what people felt, thought about, and wanted. Fortunately, there is an area of the history that focuses exactly on those things, and it is called the history of art. To become the person who can be called a real professional in the sphere, it is often needed to write art history resume. Do not forget how important it is to complete this document properly.

If you think by learning this subject you simply look at pictures, sculptures, other forms of art and the way they described, the times people who created the works lived in, you are certainly wrong. All of paintings, buildings, and other magnificent pieces, facts about which can be applied in art history dissertation, crafted by the masters of that days, have interesting backgrounds, depict stories of lives of people, families, nations, and, in many cases, show the inner state of authors. The history of art does far more than looking at genres, forms, styles, analyzing and comparing them. It takes you to the world of your ancestors, allows you to look with their eyes on the state of things in the certain time and place, and helps to understand what they felt and though about this.

As a class in the academic facilities, it is mainly known for teaching all of art forms, their significance, meaning, and development. It shows how to analyze, compare and contrast, evaluate, and perceive all of the forms from different perspectives. This knowledge will give you the possibility to learn the answer for the question 鈥淗ow to write an art history essay?鈥 During the studies, you also realize what beauty and emotional power each masterpiece holds. The course is a great opportunity to not only learn more, but also to develop a personal taste, understand own preferences in art, gain numerous important skills, applicable in all of the spheres, and find out how to write art history assignments.

Taking the given class also means preparing a lot of papers on subjects. However, if you think that writing is not the best way of gaining knowledge, or you just do not have time to complete the task, it is not necessary to force yourself into the homework completion process, as our art history essay writing service is here to cover your back when needed. Pro-Papers experts can work on any types of papers on the subject; they will gladly help you create a flawless work within the stipulated time. Therefore, when you have to write any paper on the history of art, you can always count on us!

It is a discipline, which covers an unbelievable scope of information. It dates back to the earliest periods of Stone Age and comprises everything from there and until now. Due to the numerous researches made and various subjects the history of art is related to, there is a lot of data available on most of the topics. However, it does not make the paperwork on the subject easier, as it is hard to think how to write an art history research paper and what to concentrate on. Luckily, Pro-Papers has a few useful guidelines, which will definitely facilitate your work.

  1. Pick a perfect topic.
    You may wonder what makes a topic perfect, and the answer is pretty simple. Such topic should be interesting and original so that you can write art history article about something you actually like, and the teacher 鈥 read a work that will not make him or her fall asleep. A perfect topic must be focused, and, therefore, manageable, not covering too much, but just enough to produce a good art history research paper. More importantly, it has to be researchable, if you do not want to spend most of the time trying to gather arduous data. If the topic fits this mix of requirements, you can surely pick it for your art history writing assignments.
  2. Research qualitatively.
    Some of papers you will write will require you to describe works of art in your own words or tell about your feeling regarding certain pieces. For example, you will face such a situation when you write an art history comparison essay. However, in most of the cases, you will need to have a sufficient informational background to come up with a well-reasoned paper. That will be so when you work on art history assignments, which do not ask you to provide data from literary sources. Hence, it is necessary to find as much information on the topic as you can to have a clear understanding of what to write about. It is especially important with the works like art history presentation, where everything is based on data and conclusions can be derived only with the help of reliable sources.
  3. Take a position.
    If you are working on the art history argumentative essay or any other paper, which requires to include own opinion or take a certain position, it is important to make a choice before you start working. It is crucial to understand that you cannot consider one point to be better than other ones relying merely on a feeling or desire that came out of nowhere. As you have already done a research, you can evaluate data and see what kind of information seems more realistic to you to form a logical opinion based on factual information for your art history thesis paper. Thus, it will be evident that you have thought over details and analyzed them before.
  4. Outline the work.
    When writing about art history, remember that the best example of essay structure is a well-known combination of introduction, body, and conclusion. Outlining the paper, you should decide what kind of information will go to each block and which points exactly do you want to cover in paragraphs. Also, you need to come up with a comprehensive thesis, which will present the whole essay in a single sentence. Art history thesis statement is a thing you have to focus on after you outline all of the other parts so that you can make it more concise and accurate.
  5. Consider requirements.
    All teachers have requirements to homework assignments, and it is necessary to follow them if you want to get a good grade. Hence, make sure that style, format, and word count of the paper comply with guidelines. Also, consider spacing, font, and a number of sources you need to include. Teachers highly appreciate students who take their instructions into consideration and are more loyal to such individuals when it comes to grading papers.
  6. Check carefully.
    Always read the paper upon completion carefully. Even if you are a writing expert, there is no way to make an ideal work from the first time. Typos and slight grammar errors may not be the worst problems in this paper, and proofreading helps to find everything that lowers the quality of writing or worsens the overall impression. You may realize that some of sentences or paragraphs make no sense or do not fit the work, but it is better to face these issues before you submit the paper, than get a bad mark for the hard work you have done.

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