This article argues that different contexts in politics, economics, and society have shaped existing conceptions of culture in the field of international cross cultural management research, such as cross-national comparison (CNC) and intercultural interaction. This has led to different assumptions about culture that have, in turn, influenced research methodologies and research questions. An examination of recent changes that have impacted on work realities, and hence the research context, leads us to conclude that the assumptions underlying the dominant CNC perspective, as well as a fundamental construct in the intercultural interaction perspective, no longer fit most work contexts. We describe the multiple cultures perspective as an alternative research paradigm for investigating culture, since its underlying assumptions are shaped by the new work realities. Finally, we explore some key issues and challenges for researchers in the field that influence the way research is currently conducted and will be conducted in the future.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2018). The Political Sociology and Geography of Borders. In W. Outhwaite & S. Turner (Eds.), Sage Handbook in Political Sociology (pp. 330-346). California: Sage Publishers.
Diener, A. C. (2017). Re-Scaling Citizenship: From Polis to Empire to State Formation and Beyond. In R. Bauböck, I. Bloemraad, & M. Vink (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Citizenship (pp. 36-59). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Diener, A. C. (2017). Parsing Mobilities in Central Eurasia: Border Management and New Silk Roads . In M. Laruelle (Ed.), The Central Asia-Afghanistan Relation from Soviet Intervention to the US Silk Road Initiative . Lexington Books.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2017). Changing Modalities of Power in the 21st Century . In C. Günay & N. Witjes (Eds.), Borders: (Re)Defining Spaces of Power Relations (pp. 15-32). Springer Publishers.
Diener, A. C. (2016). Soviet Etchings on the Post-Soviet Parchment: The Past and Present of Mobility and Migration. In T. Holland & M. Derrick (Eds.), Questioning Post-Soviet (pp. 55-74). Washington DC: Wilson Center Press.
Diener, A. C. (2016). Kazakhs. In J. Stone, P. Rizova, A. Smith, D. Rutlege, & X. Huo (Eds.), The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity and Nationalism. Wiley/Blackwell.
Diener, A. C. (2016). Imagining Kazakhstani-stan: Negotiations of Homeland and Titular Nationality. In M. Laruelle & . (Eds.), Kazakhstan in the Making: Legitimacy, Symbols, and Social Changes (pp. 131-154). London: M.E. Sharpe.
Diener, A. C. (2016). Landlocked States. In D. Richardson (Ed.), The Wiley-AAG International Encyclopedia of Geography: People, the Earth, Environment, and Technology. . Wiley/Blackwell .
Charron, A. L., & Diener, A. C. (2016). Political Geography, New Regionalism, and Re-scaling Identity. SAIS Review, 35(2), 13-20.
Diener, A. C. (2015). Parsing Mobilities in Central Eurasia: Border Management and New Silk Roads. Eurasian Geography and Economics. DOI:10.1080/15387216.2015.1078736
Diener, A. C., & Artman, V. (2015). Religion and the State. In R. Segal & K. Von Stuckrad (Eds.), Vocabulary for the Study of Religion . Brill.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2015). 境界から世界を見る――ボーダースタディーズ入門 Borders: A Very Short Introduction (F. Kawakubo, Ed.). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten Publishers . 205.
Diener, A. C. (2015). Assessing Potential Russian Irredentism and Separatism in Kazakhstan’s Northern Oblasts. Eurasian Geography and Economics. DOI:10.1080/15387216.2015.1103660
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2015). Oxford University Press - Very Short Introductions . Preface for Japanese Language Version of Borders: Very Short Introduction, Borders: Very Short Introduction.
Diener, A. C. & Hagen, J. (Eds.). (2014). Taylor and Francis Special Issues as Books. From Socialist to Post Socialist Cities: Cultural Politics of Architecture, Urban Planning, and Identity in Eurasia. Routledge. Routledge.
Diener, A. C. (2014). Russian Repositioning: Mobilities and the Eurasian Regional Concept. In W. Susan & J. Corey (Eds.), Corridor of Interconnections: Eurasia from the South China to the Caspian Sea (pp. 72-109). London: Routledge.
Diener, A. C. (2014). [Review of Globalizing Central Asia: Geopolitics and the Challenges of Economic Development, Marlene Laruelle and Sebastien Peyrouse]. Geographical Review M.E. Shapre.
Diener, A. C. (2014). [Review of Central Asia in International Relations: The Legacies of Halford Mackinder, Eds. Nick Megoran and Sevara Sharapova London: Hurst and Co. Publishers 2013]. Central Asian Survey Taylor and Francis.
Diener, A. C. (2013). Borders Today: Interrogating their Strategic Fabrications and Asymmetries of Power [Review Essay Bordering and Ordering the Twenty-first Century , Gabriel Pepescu’s]. Dialogues in Human Geography, 1-3.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2013). City of Concrete and Felt: Negotiating Cultural Hybridity in Mongolia's Capital of Ulaanbaatar. Nationalities Papers.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2013). From Socialist to Post-Socialist Cities: Narrating the Nation through Urban Space. Nationalities Papers.
Diener, A. C. & Hagen, J. (Eds.). (2013). From Socialist to Post-Socialist Cities: Narrating the Nation through Urban Space . Nationalities Papers .
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2012). A Very Short Introduction to Borders , New York and London: Oxford University Press. 137.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2012). Who Owns the Parcel, Spratley and Senkaku Islands?. Oxford University Press Blog
Diener, A. C. (2011). The Borderland Existence of Mongolia’s Kazakhs: Boundaries and the Construction of Territorial Belonging. In D. Wastl-Walter (Ed.), Research Companion to Border Studies (pp. 373-393). London: Ashgate.
Diener, A. C. (2011). Will New Mobilities Beget New (Im)Mobilities?: Prospects for Change Resulting from Mongolia’s Trans-State Highway. In S. Brunn (Ed.), Engineering Earth: The Impact of Mega Projects (pp. 627-642). Kluwer/Springer Press.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2011). Kaliningrad's Past, Present, and Future: Russian and E.U. Perspectives on the Geopolitics of Exclave and Enclave. Eurasian Geography and Economics , 52(4), 567-592.
Diener, A. C. (2011). [Review of Seeking Asylum: Human Smuggling and Bureaucracy at the Border, Alison Mountz]. Professional Geographer University of Minnesota Press 2010.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2010). Russia’s Kaliningrad Exclave: Discontinuity as Threat to Sovereignty. In A. C. Diener & J. Hagen (Eds.), Borderlines and Borderlands: Political Oddities at the Edge of the Nation State (pp. 121-136). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Diener, A. C. (2010). Borderlines and Borderlands: Political Oddities at the Edge of the Nation State (A. C. Diener & J. Hagen, Eds.). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers . 264.
Diener, A. C. (2009). One Homeland or Two?: Nationalization and Transnationalization of Mongolia’s Kazakhs, Palo Alto, CA and Washington DC: Stanford University Press and Woodrow Wilson Center Press . 405.
Diener, A. C. (2009). Diasporic Stances: Comparing the Historical Geographic Antecedents of German and Korean Migration Decisions in Kazakhstan. Geopolitics, 14(3), 462-487.
Diener, A. C., & Hagen, J. (2009). Theorizing Borders in a Borderless World: Globalization, Mobility and Scale. Geography Compass , 3(3), 1196-1216.