By Scott, IvyWise Master College Admissions Counselor
Your college essay is like your personal introduction to the admissions office and will say a lot about you. Of course, you want it to say the right things. While a well-written essay can boost your chances of admission, a poorly-written one can result in getting the “thin envelope” when decisions come out. Over the years there are a few college application essay mistakes that I’ve seen students repeat that you should avoid.
Not Providing Any New Information
Every component of your application should add new information to the picture. You don’t want to repeat what your admissions officer is going to read elsewhere, and that includes information from your resume. Many students will mistakenly list their activities or tell the admissions office about their great grades as a response to topics that ask very personal questions. While some essays will ask you to discuss your extracurricular activities in more depth, every question isn’t a trick designed to see how quickly you can turn things back to your resume and GPA. Tell them something they don’t know about you that you have a unique perspective on. Your resume and transcript may tell a college that you’re a star student, but only you can share your motivations and inspirations for pursuing your college dreams.
Stifling Your Voice and Personality
Students often ask if a particular talent or activity will make them stand out. The simple answer is no, because admissions officers read thousands of applications from talented students. But your story is your story, and your voice and personality will help you stand out. Your essay topic is unlikely to be entirely unique amongst the thousands of essays admissions officers will read, but you are. So don’t be shy about sharing what makes you tick. Show them the joy you get from dance or what motivates you to dedicate your time to robotics. Your story is unique, so tell it in your own words.
Not Tailoring Essays
Remember when the host of the Miss Universe pageant named the wrong contestant as the winner? Colleges sometimes feel like that when you write essays that are clearly generic and not tailored to them. While at Yale I regularly received essays from students telling me how much they wanted to go to Harvard, having just cut and pasted that essay to us. I could only think, “Well, good luck there!”
Colleges have thousands of eager students who want to be there, and you have to show them that you know them and want them. So do your research and write essays with specifics about what the college offers and how that’s a match for your long-term goals. Colleges do pay attention to their yield rates and want to admit students who are likely to come. If they sense that you haven’t really researched them, they’ll also wonder if you’re likely to enroll if they admit you.
Writing a great essay is actually easier than it seems. You basically just need to be yourself. Share your goals, tell colleges why you do what you do, and be sure you help the college picture you there. If they read your essays and you sound like you’re practically already a student there, you’ll make it easy for them to decide that you should be.
Want to learn more about Scott? Read his biography here and watch his video below!
'Tis the season for applying to college, and everyone and his mother have got the "How Do I Write My Application Essay Blues."
The killer personal statement, now a hot commodity, may be the most popular literary genre on our virtual shelves, at least between July and November of every year. The genre long ago spawned dozens of how-to guides, but our obsession has only recently seeped into popular culture, with sightings in the movies (Admission, Flight) and this fall, it's the subject of a major novel, Lacy Crawford's Early Decision, written by former essay coach to the well-to-do.
This has also been a banner year for the essay because of big changes to the Common Application and the publicity that ignited -- some negative, some positive (see my responses to both here). Whether good or bad, the focus on all of it only reinforces How Much the Essay Matters.
Adding to the buzz has been the increasingly crowded Twitterverse, the place where everyone -- frustrated students, university admissions departments, officials at the Common Application -- goes to kvetch, ask questions, and/or to confess.
My own confessions are longer than 140 characters.
Confession No. 1. No one has ever asked me to write an essay for her child. Nor has anyone even hinted that this is what she wanted. The students I work with want to write their own essays, and parents often want, not a ghostwriter, but a buffer, someone outside the family to impose some structure and discipline on the process of getting the essays done. You may have heard: children-on-the-verge-of-adulthood usually don't want to spend any more time with their parents than necessary, especially when there is a risk of "nagging."
Parents often say to me, "There is absolutely no way I can work with my son/daughter on these essays." What follows is one of these lines: "Our relationship is frayed enough. This would be impossible." Or -- a brighter narrative: "My son and I have a great relationship, and I don't want to ruin it."
But I get plenty of other inquiries: parents whose first language isn't English and those who can tell that the child's essay isn't up to snuff but don't know how to tell them to fix it. Said one mother: "My son's English teacher said his essay is fine, but I know it's not."
Confession No 2. I'm not ashamed of what I do. There are critiques of essay coaches from admissions officers, guidance counselors, purists (of many stripes), and those who aren't familiar with what some of us do.
Coaches come in all shapes and sizes, and some of us wear a number of hats, from volunteers at public schools and community centers (take a look at this terrific application bootcamp program in Chicago) to those who are handmaidens of the rich. Main character Ann, the high-end coach in Lacy Crawford's novel, does pro-bono work on Saturdays, and charges her other clients $5000 for a consulting package. Like some psychotherapists (though few doctors, lawyers, or accountants), I have a sliding scale.
Confession No. 3. I wasn't surprised to hear on This American Life that only one in every 20 application essays the admissions officer reads at Georgia Tech is any good. A fair number of my clients are weak writers -- at least when they start out. I put them through paces. I make them rewrite many times. I force them to think - and sometimes realize that I'm the first person who has asked this of them. I suggest things to read, and have occasionally bestowed gifts: a copy of The New Yorker for a bright girl who had never heard of it and needed writing help, and multiple copies of Sin and Syntax, a grammar and usage book that is a delight to read.
The vast majority of students I work with have never had any writing instruction beyond what happens in a group, and it shows. Critical thinking is essential to good writing. This too is an alien concept to many students.
But I've also worked with top student writers at top schools, public and private, including students who edit and write for the school newspaper and literary magazine. They may be great at writing movie reviews for the paper or analyzing poems for English class, but they're sometimes stumped on how to write college application essays, because there is nothing they've ever written to prepare them for this genre -- and its many offshoots among the dozens of supplementary essays that come up. Of course they have teachers and guidance counselors who can and do help. For many that is sufficient. For others, who might have eight or ten essays, there might not be a teacher available.
I know that there are dozens of books to read on the subject, filled with wise and sometimes conflicting advice from former deans of admission, such as, "Be yourself; Don't show your essay to your parents, your friends, or a coach, but only to a teacher; If your Mom is an English teacher, ask her; Read your essay aloud to a friend, etc."
My experience is that most students don't read these books; their mothers might, if they're bookish and ambitious. The kids I see aren't working with their mothers, but there must be plenty of students who are, and plenty who do the essays on their own, and have no problem with the command: Just be yourself. I read their joyful tweets announcing that they've finished their essays.
Confession No. 4. I have no problem admitting that having an essay coach gives the student an advantage. So does having parents who are educated and affluent; so does attending private school, being tutored, taking music lessons, going to specialized summer camps, being a star athlete, or coming from a legacy family. Having parents who are writers or editors can be a huge advantage in writing the essay. A top student in rural Idaho applying to Harvard might have a geographic advantage.
And some in this high-stakes competition will insist that it's a big advantage to be a poor minority student, as long as you're not Asian. In Early Decision, there's a wealthy, bitter couple with a disappointing son who give voice to the view that if only their son were "an exotic person with no money," he'd be an Ivy League shoo-in.
Recently, a Chinese-born student, adopted by a white American family, wrote and asked me if she should conceal the fact that she's Chinese on her Common Application, since her guidance counselor told her that being Chinese would be her "downfall" in applying to college. (I suggested that Be yourself might be a better way to go, and perhaps to find a place somewhere in the application to mention her history.)
I'm not sure there's one moral to all of these stories, one blanket takeaway -- except what money managers always tell their clients: Diversify. Don't put all your money in stocks even though you might get the highest returns: you might also lose big.
Don't put all your eggs in one college basket. Whether you're a parent or a student, don't fall into the trap of thinking that there is only one college or one group of colleges where you/your child will be happy.
Confession No. 5. These days, my favorite Twitter hashtag is #CommonApp, and I spend more time than I should reading college essay forums. My favorite recent tweet, from a student at Tufts: "My college wants to publish my Common App essay in an admissions magazine. I'm in actual tears. I'm crying."
And my favorite forum exchange is a conversation from last year about the Common App essay: A student writes: "its due in like 2 weeks and I have zero idea what to write...I spent most of my time on the internet watching youtubes, browsing forums, so my life is not that interesting to write about..." A student answers: "if you think your life isn't interesting it wouldn't be that hard to make something up if you're a good writer."
Please visit my website and blog at Don't Sweat the Essay, for advice, news, and occasional gossip.
Elizabeth Benedict is a bestselling novelist, journalist, coach and editor of two anthologies. She's taught writing for more than 20 years at major colleges and universities, and runs Don't Sweat the Essay.
Follow Elizabeth Benedict on Twitter: www.twitter.com/@ElizBenedict