Diwali – the festival of lights – is celebrated with much fervor and joy by Hindus all around the world. Apart from decorating houses with colorful lights and diyas, creating elaborate rangolis is an important ritual of this festival.
Rangoli is a form of art in which beautifully colorful and intricate patterns are drawn on the floors inside homes as well as on the pavement outside and filled in using colored rice flour, colored rice, colored sand or real flowers.
Drawing rangolis on the day of Diwali is also a way of seeking blessings from the gods and goddesses. As easy as it may appear to be, rangoli-making is no cakewalk. It involves meticulousness and will put your motor skills to the test drawing clean shapes with dry flour and filling them up precisely with colors.
Whether you are a beginner or a pro, making rangolis certainly requires patience and creativity. However, you need not be disheartened if you want to make a rangoli but lack an artistic flair. There are a number of hacks you can use to make lovely, symmetrical rangolis with minimal effort. In fact, you can also check out our DIY decoration ideas to brighten up your homes this Diwali.
We bring to you some really cool ideas for making rangolis using homemade colors, DIY stencils for that extra helping hand, and some nonconventional types of rangolis.
Read on to learn DIY easy hacks to make stunning rangoli designs this Diwali.
Method 1: DIY Rangoli Color
Traditional rangoli designs are made with rice flour or rice grains that are colored at home using either organic products like turmeric powder, vermillion and others, or food coloring – an easier option, of course. They are then used to make stunning rangoli designs on the floor in the house or the pavement outdoors.
We used powdered food coloring on rice flour, and liquid colors on rice grains, which need to be dried first.
# Using Rice Flour
Things you’ll need:
- Rice flour
- Powdered food coloring of your choice
Single-Step Method: Mix food coloring powder in the rice four
- Start with 2 tablespoons of rice flour in different containers for each color you want to make. You can increase the quantity of flour according to your needs.
- Sprinkle about 1 tablespoon of food coloring powder into 2 tablespoons of rice flour. Since there is no science behind it, you can increase the quantity of the coloring powder until you get the desired hue and intensity.
- Repeat the same process using the other colors to get instant rangoli colors.
# Using Rice
Things you’ll need:
- Liquid food coloring in a spray bottle
Single-Step Method: Spray food coloring on the rice grains and let it dry
- Put some rice in a big bowl.
- Spray the liquid food coloring into the bowl. Continue to stir the rice as you spray it to spread the color evenly.
- Once you are satisfied with the shade of the color, spread the rice over a newspaper and allow it to air-dry completely.
- Make several batches using different colors.
- Collect the colored rice in bowls and get set to create colorful rangolis.
Method 2: DIY Rangoli Stencils
If you find yourself artistically challenged but aspire to make a fine piece of art, worry no more. We are here to help you with simple ways to make stunning rangoli designs using DIY stencils. These stencils can be made using paper, disposable paper plates or mosquito-repellant coils. Never thought of the last one? Scroll further to see how it’s done.
Things you’ll need:
- Thick paper (A3 size)
Step 1. Fold the paper in half twice
- Begin with folding the paper in half crosswise.
- Fold the paper in half again, as shown in the image above.
Step 2. Draw the design and cut it out to create the stencil
- Then, fold it diagonally.
- Press down the folds to get sharp edges.
- Draw the shape near the edge where all the folds meet, as shown in the image above. There are plenty of shapes available online. If you are a beginner, choose one that is easy to follow, such as the one above.
- Using scissors, cut along the drawn lines to create the stencil.
- Once done, open the folds to reveal your stunning stencil.
Step 3. Secure the stencil on the floor and fill the cut outs with colors
- Use small pieces of double-sided tape to secure the stencil to the floor.
- Begin filling the cut out areas with the colors of your choice. You can either make your own colors as described in Method 1, or get ready-made ones from the market.
- Once you’ve filled up all the cut outs, slowly peel the stencil off the floor.
# Disposable Paper Plate
Things you’ll need:
- Disposable paper plate
- Permanent marker
Step 1. Draw the pattern on the plate
- Use the ruler and permanent marker to draw the floral pattern on the plate, as shown in the image above.
Step 2. Perforate the drawn shape
- Use a toothpick to poke holes along the drawn lines. Your DIY stencil is ready to be used.
Step 3. Sprinkle rice flour over the perforated plate
- Place the plate inverted on the floor.
- Sprinkle plain or colored rice flour over the holes of the stencil.
- Carefully lift the stencil off the floor.
- Place a diya in the middle of the rangoli to add decoration.
Things you’ll need:
- Rangoli colors
- Mosquito-repellant coils
Single-Step Method: Sprinkle colors over coils to create spiral designs
- Place the coils, which serve as stencils, on the floor according to the pattern you wish to create.
- Sprinkle the rangoli colors between the gaps in each coil, as shown in the image above. Use different colors for every other coil.
- Once done, gently lift up all the coil stencils.
- Decorate your spiral rangolis by placing a diya in the middle.
Method 3: DIY Rangoli Design
It’s time to don your creative hat. Use vibrant rangoli colors to create some awe-inspiring yet easy-to-make rangolis described in this section. If you find making your own rangoli colors cumbersome, you can simply get ready-made colored sawdust or sand from the market.
Also, apart from the basic colored rice flour and grains, you can make stunning rangoli designs with fresh flowers. Bright flowers add more real colors to your rangolis and also leave your room smelling great.
If you wish to take it a step further, we’ll also show you how to use colored rhinestones and pearls to create a more permanent rangoli. Excited? Check out the detailed steps below.
# Using Colored Rice
Things you’ll need:
- Multi-colored rice
- Sketch pens
Step 1. Draw a design on the floor and fill the center with colored rice
- Using a sketch pen, draw the outline of the design on the floor.
- Now, you’ll fill up the shapes with various colors of rice. Make sure you stay within the lines when filling up the shapes. If you find it difficult to precisely sprinkle the rice with your hands, you can use a paper cone as a funnel to neatly fill up the shape.
- Begin at the center and fill up the innermost circle with yellow rice.
- Fill the next circle with red rice, followed by green rice for the third circle.
- Start filling up the outer portion of the petals with yellow rice.
- Fill the middle of each big petal with green rice, as shown in the image above.
- Create a wide outline around all the petals using red rice.
- Finish the rangoli by giving the design a thin yellow outline.
- Finally, add blue dots between the petals to add more color.
# Using Fresh Flowers
Things you’ll need:
- Marigold flower petals – 2 colors
- Rose petals
- Tuberose flowers
Step 1. Create a colorful round rangoli with layers of different flower petals
- Start by making a small circle with rose petals.
- Encircle the rose petals with a thick layer of dark-colored marigold petals.
- Create a third layer by placing rose and marigold petals alternately in the same line. See the image above for reference.
- Add another thick layer of dark marigold petals.
- Continue to extend the design to the desired size by adding more circles of rose and marigold petals, respectively.
- Finish up the design by placing tuberose flowers over the outermost layer.
- You can use your creative liberty here to use more of the white flowers to create contrast.
- Place a diya in the center of the flower rangoli to brighten it up.
# Using Rhinestones and Pearls
Things you’ll need:
- Rhinestones (round and drop-shaped in 2 colors)
- Pearl strings (3 types, varying in pearl size)
- White sheet of paper (A1 size)
Step 1. Draw the rangoli outline on a large white sheet of paper
- Draw a circle in the center of the sheet. You can use any circular container and trace around it.
- Draw a smaller circle inside the first circle.
- Make drop-shaped petals around the circle to create a floral pattern.
Step 2. Glue the rhinestones and pearl strings on the drawn outline
- Apply glue on the back of each drop-shaped stone and place it around the innermost circle. Continue adding stones until you’ve covered the circumference.
- Outline the stones with a golden pearl string. Refer to the image above.
- Glue on a layer of round-shaped stones alongside the gold pearls.
- Glue drop-shaped stones on each of the petals, as shown in the image above.
- Leave the tip of each petal open. It will be filled in later using round stones.
- Apply glue along the inner line of the petals.
- Stick the thinnest pearl string on the glue line.
- Repeat the same for every petal.
- Using glue, stick small floral patterns of stones in the middle of each petal.
- Close the tip of each petal by placing a round stone, followed by a drop-shaped stone with its tip pointing outward.
- Finish up the rangoli by gluing a pearl string along the outer lining of the middle circle.
- Allow the glue to dry completely.
- Decorate the kundan rangoli by placing a tealight in the center.
# Using Colored Sawdust
Things you’ll need:
- Ready-made colored sawdust
Single-Step Method: Draw a rangoli outline and fill it up with different colors
- Select the design you wish to make and draw its outline on the floor. You can use sketch pens or chalk to draw the outline.
- Fill up the circles and petals in the design using colors of your choice.
- When making rangoli colors, remember to wear gloves to avoid staining your hands.
- To make a rangoli, draw a rough outline first on the floor. Once you are sure of the shape, refine the outlines and then begin filling it with colors.
- When making colored rice flour, add about 2 tablespoons of table salt to the rice flour to get a grainy texture.
This article is about the Indian, Nepali and Bangladeshi folk art. For other uses, see Rangoli (disambiguation).
Rangoli is an art form, originating in the Indian subcontinent, in which patterns are created on the floor in living rooms or courtyards using materials such as colored rice, dry flour, colored sand or flower petals. It is usually made during Diwali or Tihar (collectively known as Deepawali), Onam, Pongal and other festivals from the Indian subcontinent related to Hinduism. Designs are passed from one generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive.
The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, marriage celebrations and other similar milestones and gatherings. In Nepal, Colorful rangoli are made from dyes and are lit up at night outside peoples homes and businesses.
Rangoli designs can be simple geometric shapes, deity impressions, or flower and petal shapes (appropriate for the given celebrations), but they can also be very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. The base material is usually dry or wet powdered rice or dry flour, to which sindoor (vermilion), haldi (turmeric) and other natural colours can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation. Other materials include colored sand, red brick powder and even flowers and petals, as in the case of flower rangolis.
From Sanskrit word "रङ्ग" which means color. Rangoli is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘rangavalli’.
The various names for this art form and similar practices include Rangoli(ರಂಗೋಲಿ/ರಂಗೋಲೆ) in Karnataka, Kolam(கோலம்) in TamilNadu, Mandana(माँडना) in Rajasthan, Chowkpurana(छोवकपुराणा) in Chhattisgarh, Alpana(আল্পনা) in West Bengal, Muruja(मूर्जा) or Jhoti (झोटी) or Chita (चिता) in Odisha, Aripana (आरिपना) in Bihar, Chowkpujan (चौकपूजन) in Uttar Pradesh, Muggu(ముగ్గు) in Andhra Pradesh, Golam(ഗോളം) in Kerala and Aipan (ऐपण) in Uttarakhand & others.
Rangoli is an art which precedes sculpture and painting. It is both an auspicious and a preliminary necessity in any religious ritual. The two aims of drawing rangoli:
Region specific links:
|Karnataka||Kannada Telugu and Tamil||Rangoli/Rangole||https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RangoliRangoli|
|Andhra Pradesh||Telugu Kannada,Urdu, Hindi and Tamil||Muggu/Mugglu||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/muggu|
|TamilNadu||Tamil Telugu, and Urdu||Kolam/Kulam||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolam|
|Maharashtra||Marathi Hindi,Urdu and Gujarati||SanskarBharti/Bharti||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/SanskarBharti|
|Chhattisgarh||Hindi Bengali and Oriya||Chaookpurna/Chowkpuran||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaookpurna|
|Rajasthan||Hindi Punjabi and Urdu||Mandana/Mandas||Mandana|
|Bihar||Hindi Maithili and Urdu||Haripan/Aripan||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Haripan|
|Bengal||Bengali Hindi, Santali, Urdu and Nepali||Alpana/Alpona||Alpana|
|Odisha||Oriya Hindi, Telugu and Santali||Murja/Marje||https://wikipedia.org/wiki/Jhoti Chita|
|Kerala||Malayalam, Tamil, Kannada and Urdu||Golam/Puvidal/Puv||Golam|
|Gujarat||Gujarati Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi and Urdu||Saathiya/Gahuli||Saathiya|
Rangoli in different states
Rangoli art is an adornment or decoration that has different names in different states of India; for example, Rangoli in Karnataka, Chaookpurna in Chhattisgarh, Mandana in Rajasthan, Aripan in Bihar, Alpona in Bengal, Murja in Odisha, Sanskar Bharti in Maharashtra, Kolam in Tamil Nadu, Muggu in Andhra Pradhesh, Aipan in Kumaon, Golam in Kerala, and Saathiya in Gujarat. Not just in names, the designs also vary as per the region.
In middle India mainly in Chhattisgarh Rangoli is called Chaook and is generally drawn at the entrance of a house or any other building. Dried rice flour or other forms of white dust powder is used for drawing Chaooks. Although there are numerous traditional Chaook patterns, many more can be created depending on the creativity of the person who draws it. It is considered auspicious as it signifies showering of good luck and prosperity on the house and in the family. It is not drawn like a picture. Patterns are created based on certain systems. Generally women get up early in the morning and clean the area just outside the entrance of their houses with cow dung, sprinkle the area with water and draw the Chaook. In Maharashtra, rangolis are drawn on the doors of homes so that evil forces attempting to enter are repelled. During the festival of Onam in Kerala, flowers are laid down for each of the ten days of the celebration, the design growing larger and more complex every day. In Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradhesh and Karnataka, the Kolam is drawn upon the ground or floor daily. The designs are geometric and symmetrical मूल्यतः shapes but the materials used are similar rangoli: rice flour or slurry is used. In Rajasthan the Mandana are painted on walls. Mmandne, various festivals, major festivals and can be categorized based on seasons. Different shapes depending on the size of it also can be shared. Kumaon's "writing beat 'or in a variety of plotting symbols Thapa, artistic designs, Bellbutoan is used. Alikhthap of society apart - separated by different groups - different icons and art media is used. In Odisha, the Murja is put at the aangan of every home in front of the Tulsi plant called "Tulasi chahura". The Rangoli patterns mostly are dedicated to Lord Krishna and Lord Jagannath. The Murja festival is observed during the auspicious month of Kartika ending on Kartika Purnima.
Rangoli's most important element is Utswdhermita. These are auspicious symbols that have a central role in the design. The design for generations are passed on as they are made - and is required to make these symbols. Traditionally, each new generation learns the art and thus a family keeps the tradition intact. Some major symbols used in Rangoli are the lotus flower, its leaves, mango, Tue vase, fish, different kind of birds like parrots, swans, peacocks, and human figures and foliage. Oftentimes Rangoli are made on special occasions like Diwali. Some special patterns for Diwali Rangoli are the Diya also called Deep, Ganesha, Lakshmi, flowers or birds of India.
The second key element is using the materials used to make the rangoli. The materials used are easily found everywhere. Therefore, this art is prevalent in all homes, rich or poor. Normally the major ingredients used to make rangoli are - Pise rice solution, dried powder made from the leaves color, charcoal, burned soil was, wood sawdust, etc..
The third important element is the background. Rangoli use the background of a clear floor or wall or Llype is used. Rangoli can be made in a yard in the middle, corners, or as a bell is created around. Dehri gateway is a tradition of making rangoli. God's seat, depending on lamp, place of worship and sacrifice on the altar is a tradition of decorating rangoli. With time, imagination and innovative ideas in Rangoli art is also incorporated. Hospitality and tourism has also had its effect and rangoli has been commercially developed in places such as hotels. Its traditional charm, artistry and importance still remain.
Rangoli is also created using coloured rice, dry flour, flower petals, turmeric (haldi), Vermillion (Sindoor) and coloured sand. The patterns include the face of Hindu deities, geometric shapes peacock motifs and round floral designs. Many of these motifs are traditional and are handed down by the previous generations. This makes rangoli a representation of India’s rich heritage and the fact that it is a land of festivals and colour. People celebrate rangoli with davali patterns.
Creation of Rangoli
There are two primary ways to make a Rangoli, dry and wet, referring to the materials used to create the outline and (if desired) fill that outline with colour. Using a white material like chalk, sand, paint or flour, the artist marks a centre-point on the ground and cardinal points around it, usually in a square, hexagon or circle depending on region and personal preference. Ramifying that initially-simple pattern creates what is often and intricate and beautiful design. Motifs from nature (leaves, petals, feathers) and geometric patterns are common. Less common but by no means rare are representational forms (like a peacock, icon or landscape). "Readymade Rangoli" patterns, often as stencils or stickers, are becoming common, making it easier to create detailed or precise designs.
Once the outline is complete, the artist may choose to illuminate it with colour, again using either wet or dry ingredients like paints, coloured rice-water, gypsum powder, coloured sand or dry pigments. The artist might also choose unprocessed materials like seeds, grains, spices, leaves or flower petals to achieve lifelike hues. Modern materials like crayons, dyes or dyed fabrics, acrylic paints and artificial colouring agents are also becoming common, allowing for brilliant and vibrant colour choices. A newer but less artificial method involves using cement coloured with marble powder. This rather precise method requires training, but beautiful portraits can be drawn in this medium.
Shape, design and material can be influenced by regional traditions. A square grid is common in North India as is a hexagonal grid in South India; Onam Rangolis are typically circular. In North India, the colour is most often based on gypsum (chirodi), in the South India on rice flour and Onam Rangolis are typically flower based. The rapid and widespread migration and mixing of people within India can be seen by the way these styles are now freely adopted and mixed across the country. It is also becoming common to see experimentation like sawdust-based floating Rangolis, freeform designs and exotic materials.
Faith and beliefs
In Tamil Nadu there is a prevalent myth, that Andaal worshipped Lord Thirumaal and was married to him in the month of Margazhi. So during this month, unmarried girls get up before dawn and draw a Rangoli to welcome the god Thirumal. Mentions of rangoli creation are also found in Hindu mythology. See also references to Rangoli in legend, such as in the - Ramayana at Sita's wedding pavilion where the discussion refers to rangoli there. Cultural development of Rangoli in the South originated in the era of the Chola Rulers. There are modern and traditional rangoli designs. The designs are usually inspired by nature, but they can also be in the form of abstract art.
Rangoli is either left as uncoloured drawing or it is filled with various coloured powders
Sankranti Muggu (Rangoli) with flowers
Rangoli with flowers at Chennai
Rangoli at Nizampet, Hyderabad
Rangoli before and after colouring
Alpana (painted Rangoli) in Rajshahi, Bangladesh
A rangoli painted on the occasion of Diwali, a popular Hindu festival
Nature Scene in Rangoli during a Vijayadashami festival, in Maharashtra
A Tux rangoli by students at GNUnify'13, Pune
Rangoli is drawn in front of the house especially in festival days
A rangoli made with flowers on the occasion of Onam
Rangoli being prepared by a Rangoli mould vendor in Bangalore
- Selvamony, Nirmal (2006). "Kalam as Heterotopia". In Muthukumaraswamy, M. D. Folklore as discourse. Chennai, India: National Folklore Support Centre. ISBN 81-901481-6-8.
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